"He didn't know why he said it. But Eberhardt has helped move the field's focus from the people with biased attitudes to the people targeted by those biases, and she has found ingeniously simple but powerful ways to make the problems with stereotyping apparent. Mailing Address: 875 Perimeter Drive MS 2535 Moscow, ID 83844-2535 This is a guy who has a life sentence.". While most people believe decision-making is a rational process, research has proven that implicit bias can lead you to certain conclusions without your conscious awareness. Book smarts were no longer something to hide, she says; they were social currency. She exposes racial bias at all levels of society--in our neighborhoods, schools, workplaces, and criminal justice system. Lorie Fridell, then head of research for a law enforcement policy group in Washington, D.C., says Eberhardt's research helped her resolve a nagging paradox. When Eberhardt asked the students to discuss the unexpected result, silence fell over the normally chatty class. Research Report Looking Deathworthy Perceived Stereotypicality of Black Defendants Predicts Capital-Sentencing Outcomes Jennifer L. Eberhardt,1 Paul G. Davies,2 Valerie J. Purdie-Vaughns,3 and Sheri Lynn Johnson4 1Department of Psychology, Stanford University; 2Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles; 3Department of Psychology, Yale University; … This is the third and final article in a series exploring implicit bias by CLO contributor Michael Bret Hood. Idaho Student Union Building 301. Or, are you more likely to go with your gut? The conclusion seemed perverse: Someone seeking to mitigate racial disparities in sentencing might be best served by not pointing them out. It wasn't the right fit, and Eberhardt was looking for a new direction when she was struck by an experience she had as a teaching fellow for a social psychology class. Social psychology has a long history of studying stereotypes—it's been core to the field's interest for generations, says Hazel Markus, a professor in the Stanford social psychology department and a close colleague of Eberhardt's. Ohio State University 5. It seeps into everything, a point Eberhardt sometimes uses personal anecdote to reinforce. Instead, she heard gasps, the loudest after she described an experiment that showed how quickly people link black faces with crime or danger at a subconscious level. Yet her signature remains the same: unsettling research revealing the long, pernicious reach of unconscious racial bias, and an unrelenting commitment to share her findings with the outside world. Framing problems from the perspective of others can assist in generating questions that could uncover implicit biases as well as systemically unfair policies and procedures that limit opportunities for others. . "He said, 'I am really happy you do the work you do, but I don't know how you do it—it's so depressing,'" she recalls. But she does see signs of progress, from new policies to new training to a greater attention and openness to the problem. Self-awareness and accountability are crucial in overcoming implicit bias in the workplace. Penguin. Eberhardt's feat required not just bridging camps with little history of dialogue, but also disregarding the pressures of a profession not set up to reward hand-in-hand work with real-world practitioners. But it was also an early experience in feeling like a "race out of place," when she observed fundamental differences in how she and her classmates experienced the world. "No matter what we controlled for, the black defendants appeared to be punished in proportion to the blackness of their features," she said. Facebook - share an article. Social psychologist and professor of psychology at Stanford, Jennifer Eberhardt, Ph.D., will be coming to the Center for Performing Arts Concert Hall at 7 p.m. on March 19. (Photo: Courtesy Jennifer Eberhardt). ", While other scientists have also made major advances in implicit bias research, it is Eberhardt who brought the science to police, says Fridell, who now heads her own business, which has trained law enforcement officers across the United States and Canada to recognize and mitigate their biases. By Jennifer L. Eberhardt. The constant “questioning our own thinking would be impossibly tedious, and System 2 is much too slow and inefficient to serve as a substitute for System 1 in making routine decisions,” writes psychologist Daniel Kahnemann. In the 1980s, women made up approximately 10 percent of the total members in the country’s top orchestras. But Alabama and Georgia were clearly not countries. Jennifer L. Eberhardt Eyewitness misidentification is the primary cause of wrongful convictions in North America. Physical Address: 875 Line Street Moscow, Idaho. NY Times journalists to freelancers trust our network. According to a 2017 Conversation article about a controversial internal memo written by an employee at Google, some of the questions leaders of companies should be asking themselves are: Do job advertisements use gender-neutral language? She began to realize she was feeling a toll, particularly after research for a 2008 paper she published with Goff and two others revealed persistent connections in people's minds between black people and apes. To comment, email firstname.lastname@example.org. For instance, the findings about implicit race bias indicate that individuals will perceive as more ... decision-procedure in order to avoid potential biases - or new ways of checking each other’s decisions and holding each other accountable. Leaders who acknowledge that they are just as susceptible to implicit biases as anyone are capable of creating a culture where employees can contemplate the possibilities of flawed decision-making induced by stereotypical associations as opposed to compounding their mistakes by sticking to decisions and systems that reinforce erroneous implicit associations and stereotypes. "It totally changed my perspective," Fridell says. Racial bias against African-Americans isn't confined to the past or the South or police or even whites. Humility is an important component to mitigate implicit bias. Michael Bret Hood is a corporate trainer and consultant, a University of Virginia adjunct professor and a retired FBI special agent. Regardless of which method you choose, chances are you have made some bad decisions in your life. After ending the awkward discussion, she turned to the reading of the week on unconscious racism, which reignited discussion, with students decrying such behavior. Dr. Jennifer Eberhardt, professor of psychology at Stanford University and MacArthur “genius” award recipient explains that although our brains are “wired” to see differences, research shows that self-awareness and thoughtful and deliberate decision making can help end the subtle and subjective discrimination we see and experience in our personal lives and workplaces. When musicians started auditioning behind a curtain, the fact that evaluators could no longer see who was playing neutralized any potential for gender bias. Eberhardt and her colleagues are analyzing footage of thousands of encounters recorded with officers’ body cameras . Sam Scott is a senior writer at Stanford. Approximately 25 percent of the state prison population at the time was black. About Jennifer Lynn Eberhardt A social psychologist at Stanford University, Jennifer Eberhardt investigates the consequences of the psychological association between race and crime. 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